24
Jan
2023

AN INNOVATION & BUSINESS SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT THROUGH TO THE FINANCE ENTREPRENEUR NEEDS A LOCAL COMMUNITY IN MALANG

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Sherlinda Octa Yuniarsa
South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law

Objectives: Local communities can access the internet with social media plat-form to catching up their product such digital industry. These criteria business system are set up with the basic of a few context in the Malang, which any im-pact by social media as the main digital platform industry, obviously selling a best product by online. I described that both the problems absolutely encountered to applying finance strategy in the Small Medium Enterprises.
Methodology/Technique: This kinds research paper has been used by descrip-tive analysis and conceptual framework
Findings: The results were showed by innovation & business system develop-ment, digital marketing, through to the finance entrepreneurship needs a local community such finance streams
Type of Research: Conceptual Framework

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24
Jan
2023

ASSIGNING BUSINESS ROLES AND NEW PRODUCT THROUGH ECONOMIC MARKET FOCUSED FOR SUSTAINABILITY DEVELOPMENT GOVERNMENT

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Henrikus Renjaan, Sherlinda Octa Yuniarsa
Central European Management Journal

This research study aims to maintain a cost leadership position with existing innovation product to the traditional and modern market industry. On the other hand, it might look something like this, such as business leaders, business driven, customer as a supporter, and accentuates for digitalization. This research is a qualitative research and using an online questionnaire to collect a data. This research study uses non-probability sampling with purposive sampling. The type of data analysis technique was used is RACI analysis (Responsible, Accountable, Consultation, and Information) and type of responsibility with assignment matrix for business. The results of studies were showed by the new product with innovation trough to the economic market focused for SDGs. However, this is a reason for assigning business roles, which is a clear idea, strategy by owner, need from each business team as a work toward a production phase. Absolutely, this will also defined with interaction between competitor, customer, and company as the strategic with government implementation to catch up market. In this business experience, there is a critical step to ensure for each business team works together harmoniously through a common end goal.

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24
Jan
2023

Factors That Influence Voluntary Auditor Change in Companies Registered in Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2018

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Wa Ode Darmiati Indah
American International Journal of Business Management (AIJBM)

The increasing number of KAPs that operate data raises competition between one KAP with another. Thus allowing companies to move KAP to another KAP. Therefore, this study aims to explain and prove the factors that can influence auditor turnover. This research method uses quantitative methods and the type of data used is cross section. The population in this study are all major sector companies and manufacturing sectors listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2018, amounting to 214 companies. While the sample uses the purposive sampling method, the number of companies that are sampled is 64 companies. Data collection methods used are secondary data with documentation techniques. Data analysis using descriptive statistical analysis, ordinal regression analysis, and hypothesis testing consisting ofcoefficient of determination (R Square), the fitting information model and the feasibility test of the regression model (goodness of fit test). Based on the results of statistical tests that have been carried out using theapplicationSPSS v.22, that audit opinion, management change, financial distress, and company growth have no effect on auditor turnover. While the KAP size significantly and positively influences auditor turnover. In addition, the company is expected to follow applicable regulations regarding the change of auditors or audit rotation to avoid fraud that might be biased.

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24
Jan
2023

Cybercrimes and Violations of Intellectual Property Law on Indigenous Papuans in Indonesia

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Henrikus Renjaan
International Journal of Cyber Criminology

The aim of the current study was to analyze the cybercrimes and violations of intellectual property law on the indigenous Papuans in Indonesia, particularly when tecnology and innovations are spreading fast in Papua. The Study makes a thorough licterature review in this regard in order to ensure a maximum outreach to information present on the factors and characteristics that enhance cybercrimes and that lead to violations of intellectual property laws. A qualitative non-empirical legal research approach was used in this study, according to which extraction of information and data was done from various legal documents, cases and laws from Papua, Indonesia. The current laws, regulations and policies protecting intellectual property laws against cybercrime were also analyzed, discucced and their shortcomings were presented and defined. A few recommendations were alse provided for the betterment of the security of intellectual property laws agains cybercrime in Papua, Indonesia. There is a requirement of novel comprehensive cybercrime law that significantly focuses on all different methods in which the intellectual property rights are now violated

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24
Jan
2023

CONSERVATION OF CRAB AND MANGROVE IN PERSPECTIVE OF LOCAL POLICY AND WISDOM

Dhea Maria Leonita, Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Carina Budi Siswani, Filex Melanton Labobar
International Journal of Business, Economics and Law

Government policy formulation in crab and mangrove conservation in the form of an invitation at the Central level, West Papua Province and Teluk Bintuni Regency have accommodated policies and conservation of living natural resources and general ecosystems, not yet specific; and Special policy formulations for the conservation of crabs and mangroves in Teluk Bintuni Regency have not been accommodated in regional regulations or regional head regulations. The local wisdom of the Indigenous Peoples in Bintuni Bay, especially the Sougb and Wamesa tribes, contributes to the preservation of crabs and mangroves in terms of fishing time, crab size, fishing gear, wood size, and the application of sasi in each customary area. Policy formulation at the implementation level is followed up with regulations on regional legal products, which are appropriate for the implementation of policies for the conservation of crabs and mangroves in accordance with the mandate of the RPJM Regional Regulation and Regional Regulation Number 1 of 2019 concerning Protection and Recognition of Indigenous Law Communities; The local wisdom of MHA as living law should be synergised and accommodated in local regulations, the preservation of crabs and mangroves, as a manifestation of the legal function as a social engineering function.

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24
Jan
2023

CATCHING UP A LOCAL WISDOM OF THE KEI TRADITIONAL LAW COMMUNITY SPATIAL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE KEI ISLANDS, SOUTHEAST MALUKU

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Henrikus Renjaan, Willem Hendra Balubun, Siria Silubun, Yusty Foxdey Rahawarin, Elegius Rahayan
South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law

Objectives: Research on the Spatial Planning Process and form of the Kei Indig-enous Law Community (MHA) in Utan Soin Hoor Arki and Utan Vutwa Ohoitel Kei Besar Utara Timur, which is a study of applicable customary law norms and a living law that regulated by the process spatial planning and forms of MHA spatial planning. Methodology: This research is normative research to find the norms that regu-lated by a process and form of spatial planning. The resource persons are tradi-tional leaders who are considered to understand and know the norms of a process and form of MHA spatial planning in Ohoi Hollat, Kilwair, Ohoiwirin, Tuburn-gil, and Yamtimur. Based on purposive sampling, in Utan soin Hoor Arki and Utan Vutwa Ohoitel as many as 12 people. Results: The results are shown that a process of spatial planning started from the ancestors, when there was a consensus between indigenous peoples and their leaders in the density of the customary council (Saniri) to carry out any process of determining an area based on its designation. Therefore, the form of spatial planning in the Kei Indigenous Peoples as follows: (1) Warin Vaweon: primary forest area; (2) Warin: permanent production forest area; (3) Hooks: garden area; (4) Skirt: garden area near the village; (5) 7: The sago hamlet area; (6) Hook/Ve/Vee Ohoi Murin: garden area around the village; (7) Ohoi: village area; (8) Ruat met soin: Coastal area. Apart from that, there are also forms of spatial planning based on ownership, such as: (1) Patuanan ohoi: petuanan kampung; (2) Patuanan Rahan faam/buuk faan: patuanan clan (soa); (3) Patuanan guides riin matan; family guide. Third: The contribution of batbatang fit roa fit for national development is local wisdom based on the law of hawear balwirin in spatial planning.

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24
Jan
2023

PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF CUSTOMARY LAW COMMUNITIES IN THE ZONATION PLAN FOR THE COASTAL AREAS OF SMALL ISLANDS IN WEST PAPUA

Robert Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, George Frans Wanma, Wellem Hendra Balubun
Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

West Papua Provincial Regulation Number 13 of 2019 concerning the Zoning Plan for Coastal Areas and Small Islands has accommodated the rights of MHA, namely the right to recognize MHA, the right to natural resources, the right to a 12 mile management area, the right to the capture area. between traditional and modern fishermen, the right to guidance and competence in managing natural resources under their authority, and the right to take legal action with investors. These rights contribute to minimizing vertical and horizontal conflicts between MHA and the government and employers.

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24
Jan
2023

Spatial Planning for Indigenous Law Communities to Solve Social Conflict Resolution in West Papua Indonesia

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Christina Samangun, Yosep Malik, Agustinus Luturmas
Journal of Social Studies Education Research

The purpose of this research is to investigate the spatial planning based on wisdom in the context of resolving social conflicts as a form of learning about the recognition and protection of indigenous peoples in law. The main data sources are obtained from primary legal materials in the form of laws and regulations, regional regulations, and literature studies that focus on spatial planning, local wisdom, and social conflict resolution. The research methodology uses a juridical-normative approach. Content analysis was conducted in order to obtain relevant research results. The findings reveal that local government regulations on spatial planning of the West Papua Customary Law Community are in synergy with central government regulations as regulated in Law No. 27 of 2007 on Spatial Planning. The two laws contribute to the resolution of social conflicts because of the recognition and protection of the sustainability of natural resources which are the living space (lebensraum) of the indigenous peoples of West Papua. An important lesson that can be learned is that spatial planning based on local wisdom is centered on harmony, balance, and sustainability in order to overcome social conflicts between the spatial planning of customary law communities and the spatial planning stipulated by national law, namely by preparing and determining spatial planning through the top down of the central government, then The village, district, district governments are bottom up, and meet in the discussion, preparation and determination of spatial planning in the Province. The expected implication is that the central government and local governments pay special attention to policy practices in spatial planning that are more socially just and in accordance with the needs of indigenous and tribal peoples. The aim is to create harmonization between customary law and national law so that they do not overlap each other, which in turn can lead to greater social conflicts in the future.

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24
Jan
2023

CONSOLIDATING AND STRENGTHENING THE CAPACITY OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE LEADERS IN MAINTAINING CUSTOMARY LAW

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar, Bintuni School of Law
Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

This paper describes a series of experiments to answer the question related to leadership model in a customary community in Papua. This paper tries to provide a new perspective on the relationship between traditional leadership and customary law in traditional Arfak communities in Papua. This study was conducted with ethnographic methods with an emphasis on indigenous retention, leadership models and customary law, by taking the object of study on the Arfak tribe in Papua, Indonesia. The results of the study show that traditional leadership can function effectively to maintain a legal system that applies to traditional societies. In this context, Arfak Customary Community is a territorial genealogical community bound for heredity, and the result of marriage, in which the community leader is based on hereditary origin systems, and collaborative male leadership collaborates in a mixed leadership form.

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24
Jan
2023

The Existence of Customary Rights of Customary Law Community and Its Regulation in the Era of Special Autonomy of Papua

Roberth Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar
Journal of Social Studies Education Research

The protection and recognition of ulayat rights of customery law community is a constitutional obligation as written in 1945 constitution Verse 18B. Therefore, bettering knowledge and comprehension of ulayat rights in every tribe existed in Papua is believed as an effort to minimize potential conflicts among government, businessman and indigenous people of Papua. In addition, the knowledge and understanding should be legitimated as the local law as a means to accelerate the regional development as well as community’s welfare. This research was conducted in Arfak people from 2008 to 2009 and continued in 2016. The purpose of this research is to investigate the existence of ulayat rights in indigenous people of Arfak. It is a normative-empirical study that was analyzed by descriptive qualitative method. This study showed that: (1) the protection and implementation of ulayat rights is found in the constitution number 21 year 2001 and implemented in Special Regional Law number 23 year 2008 which says “the ulayat rights of indigenous people is acknowledged and protected by the nation, government, provincial government, district and is implemented by a committee and accommodated in regent or major’s policy.” (2) Indigenous people of Arfak have a graded ulayat rights which are great tribe of Arfak and the smaller tribes which consist of Hatam, Sougb, Meyah, ulayat rights of Mnu, ulayat rights of Keret and the family, as well as the regulation and use of ulayat rights is regulated by their own Mananir.

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